Erich Fromm; German Humanist psychoanalyst and writer; Birth, 03/23/1900, Frankfurt, and died 18/03/1980, Muralto. Switzerland.
Influenced by Freud and Marx, Erich Pinchas Fromm is considered one of the leading exponents of the movement of the Twentieth century psychoanalyst. Owner of a controversial career and humanistic, Fromm mainly studied the influence of society and culture on the individual. Among his many books, stands out "Fear and Freedom" and "The Art of Love". For the psychoanalyst, the personality of a person was the result of cultural and biological factors, which contrasted with Freud's theory which emphasized mainly the unconscious aspects of the psyche.
Descendant of a Jewish family (his father, Naphtali Fromm was wine merchant, and his mother, Rosa, housewife), Erich Fromm was only 14 and still living in Germany when it exploded the 1st World War (1914/18 ). Years later, in articles and in interviews, said he was impressed with human behavior, being unable to understand such a senseless act like war. After attending philosophy at Heidelberg University, was doing his training in psychoanalysis at the University of Munich and the Berlin Psychoanalytic Institute, founded by Freud. In the early 30s, presents its first scientific work.
In 1933, for the first time, visiting the United States, which later would live and gain citizenship with naturalization. With Hitler's rise to power, Fromm settles permanently in the United States and goes on to give lectures at the universities of Yale, New York, Columbia and Michigan. In 1941, already famous, publishes "The Fear and Freedom", a book that makes a social psychoanalytic interpretation of the Nazi movement. The success was immediate and publication of the book was translated into many languages. According to experts in the work of Erich Fromm, after the publication of "Fear and Freedom", a rupture between the thoughts of the German psychoanalyst and Freud. In 1949, working as a teacher in Mexico and publishes articles in newspapers and magazines in several countries.
With the publication of "The healthy society" and "The Art of Love," his prestige grows even more, and Erich Fromm receives invitations to give lectures and attend launches worldwide. Ph.D., Fromm established a relationship between Marxism and psychoanalysis. In the last years of his life, began studying aggression. Other important works are left by Fromm "The mission of Sigmund Freud", "The man for himself", "Zen Buddhism and Psychoanalysis" and "Anatomy of human destructiveness."